By Susan F. Martin
Immigration makes the US what it really is and is formative for what it is going to develop into. the United States was once settled via 3 diverse types of immigration, all of which persist to the current. The Virginia Colony mostly equated immigration with the coming of employees, who had few rights. Massachusetts welcomed those that shared the spiritual perspectives of the founders yet excluded these whose ideals challenged the present orthodoxy. Pennsylvania valued pluralism, turning into the main different colony in faith, language, and tradition. This publication lines the evolution of those 3 competing types of immigration as they clarify the historic roots of present coverage debates and concepts. Arguing that the Pennsylvania version has top served the rustic, the ultimate bankruptcy makes options for destiny immigration reform. Given the hugely arguable nature of immigration within the usa, this e-book presents considerate, well-reasoned research, helpful to either educational and coverage audiences for the methods it locations modern-day tendencies and coverage recommendations into ancient viewpoint.
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Extra resources for A Nation of Immigrants
The first act to ensure the religious nature of the colony was to bring the Charter and, therefore, the operation of the company to Massachusetts. This immediatley distinguished the Massachusetts Bay Company from the Virginia Company, whose leadership remained in England. The 1 Some members of the Council disputed the Massachusetts Bay Company’s claim, leading to a series of challenges that eventually were decided in favor of the new company. 30 A Nation of Immigrants Puritan leadership feared that if the Massachusetts Bay Company stayed in England and remained open to new stock purchases, they might lose control.
That is not to say, of course, that the encomienda system was in any way superior to the British system. The Indians had no more choice in their indenture than the Africans did in their slavery. In both cases, a small number of European colonists found ways to exploit the labor of people whom they did not recognize as their equals. Conclusion Virginia was not the only example of the “Virginia model” within British North America. Colonists also settled the Carolinas and Georgia, generally through the immigration of a combination of large landowners, smaller freeholders, indentured servants, transported convicts, and slaves.
The Crown also revoked the Virginia Company’s charter, sending a royal governor to take over control of the colony. As the colony grew, and land became scarcer, the colonists began pushing further and further west. A series of treaties forged alliances with certain Native American tribes against others, or against possible conflicts with Spanish or French colonists. Trading relationships also opened up between colonists and natives. Yet the colonists clearly had the upper hand, with imported diseases killing thousands of Native Americans and the better-armed colonists pushing the survivors off their land.
A Nation of Immigrants by Susan F. Martin