By González, Hebe Alicia
This dissertation offers a linguistic description of Tapiete, a Tupi-Guarani (TG) language spoken in Argentina, Bolivia and Paraguay. Fieldwork has been performed in Argentina, the place approximately eighty Tapiete households are settled in "Misión Los Tapietes", Tartagal, province of Salta, northern Argentina. therefore, the linguistic info and the result of this examine mirror the range spoken via the Tapietes residing in Argentina. the most good points of Tapiete phonology, the nominal and the verbal morphology, in addition to the syntactic constitution are investigated. on the lexical point, a vocabulary of 2049 entries and four hundred subentries is supplied in line with the knowledge amassed during the elicitation of lexical questionnaires and texts. in particular, this dissertation investigates the expression of ownership in Tapiete, as its default marker of ownership has built from a practical extension of the default marker of ownership, t-, of sophistication II nouns in TG languages. additionally, an additional formalization of the alienable/inalienable competition happens, expressed during the life of alternative units of 3rd individual markers.In addition, this paintings discusses the restructuring of the cross-reference method in Tapiete. specifically, it describes the inability of an overt marker of 3rd individual for verbs that belong to Jensen's Set 1, apart from monosyllabic roots, and the encoding of the 1st individual energetic and inactive plural particular throughout the verbal root marked for 3rd individual, including the affixation of the TG nominalizing morpheme -ha. additionally, the Tapiete model of Jensen's Set four individual markers differs from that of TG languages: whereas in TG languages those types are portmanteau morphemes that encode a primary individual singular or plural performing on a moment individual singular (e.g. TG oro-) or a primary individual singular or plural performing on a moment individual plural (e.g TG opo-), in Tapiete, either varieties encode a primary individual singular, with out threat in their being interpret Read more...
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Extra resources for A Grammar of Tapiete (Tupi-Guarani)
With respect to Tapiete people, it is interesting to see that the higher percentage of exogenous couples concentrates on younger people, a tendency that contrasts with the large percentage of endogenous marriages among older people. This situation suggests that the practice of getting married to people not belonging to the Tapiete group is relatively new. All of the couples whose ages are between 61 and 70 are endogenous. On the other hand, exogenous marriages start to appear among 50-year-old people.
5) a-yuka 1SGAC-kill I kill (him/her) (6) a-ñani 1SGAC-run I run (7) sh-ankwa 1SGIN-speedy I am speedy (8) shi-mbori 1SGIN-help help me Finally, the default order of constituents in Tapiete is SOV (9); other orders are possible although they are pragmatically marked or are the result of Spanish influence (10). 1. Phonology Tapiete has fifteen consonants and twelve vowels, six orals and six nasals. e. e. high and low. g. g. Ava-Guarani), word stress in Tapiete falls on the penultimate syllable.
Some years later, this man went back to the Tapiete community with a Swedish missionary and started to evangelized Tapiete people using their mother tongue. 18 This probably happened in the late 60s, since some people who are currently almost forty years old still remember some rituals their parents and grandparents performed before their conversion. At present, Tapietes from Tartagal belong to the evangelical church called ‘La Asamblea de Dios’ (Assembly of God Church). As Hirsch (2004:6) points out the “conversion to Evangelism was a strong force towards culture change among the Tapiete.
A Grammar of Tapiete (Tupi-Guarani) by González, Hebe Alicia