By by Susan Smythe Kung.
This dissertation is a accomplished description of the grammar of Huehuetla Tepehua (HT), that's a member of the Totonacan language relations. HT is spoken via fewer than 1500 humans in and round the city of Huehuetla, Hidalgo, within the jap Sierra Madre mountains of the relevant Gulf Coast zone of Mexico. This grammar starts off with an creation to the language, its language family members, and its environment, in addition to a short historical past of my touch with the language. The grammar maintains with an outline of the phonology of HT, by way of morphosyntactic and syntactic description of the entire significant elements of speech, together with verbs, nouns, adjectives, adverbs, and numbers; the grammar concludes with an outline of the sentence-level syntax. A compilation of interlinearized texts appears to be like within the appendix. HT is a polysynthetic, head-marking language with advanced verbal morphology. Inflectional affixes comprise either prefixes and suffixes for which a templatic trend is tough to version. as well as inflectional and derivational morphology, HT verbs also are host to a number of aspectual derivational morphemes, each one of which alters the that means of the verb in a truly particular approach. Plural marking on either nouns and verbs for any 3rd individual argument is not obligatory and made up our minds by way of an animacy hierarchy, that's extensively utilized to figure out verbal argument marking in quite a few morphosyntactic buildings. HT nouns are thoroughly unmarked for case, and likely nouns, together with kinship phrases and components of an entire, are obligatorily possessed. The order of the foremost components is pragmatically made up our minds, with a bent in the direction of VSO order within the absence of pragmatic or contextual clues and SVO order in context-rich textual examples. HT is an under-documented moribund language that's at coming near near possibility of extinction in the subsequent two-to-three generations. therefore, this dissertation is a tremendous contribution not just to the sector of linguistics, but in addition to the Tepehua those that may perhaps sooner or later have an interest within the language in their grandparents. Read more...
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This dissertation is a complete description of the grammar of Huehuetla Tepehua (HT), that's a member of the Totonacan language relatives. HT is spoken by means of fewer than 1500 humans in and round the city of Huehuetla, Hidalgo, within the jap Sierra Madre mountains of the vital Gulf Coast quarter of Mexico.
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Additional info for A descriptive grammar of Huehuetla Tepehua
HT is a polysynthetic, head-marking (Nichols 1986) language with complex verbal morphology. Inflectional affixes include both prefixes and suffixes for which a templatic pattern is difficult to model. Third person singular is not marked on the verb, but—for reasons that are enumerated in Chapter 3— cannot be analyzed as a zero marker occupying a given slot in a verbal template. In addition to inflectional and derivational morphology, the HT verbs are also host to a large number of aspectual derivational morphemes, each of which alters the meaning of the verb in a very specific way.
Dissertation at the University of California at Berkeley (in progress). She has analyzed the inflectional system (2005) and the templatic morphology of ideophones (2006, to appear). 5 OVERVIEW OF THE GRAMMAR Chapter 2: Phonology presents the Huehuetla Tepehua phonemes and their allophones, the practical orthography that I use to represent HT in all subsequent chapters, a phonemic merger that is currently taking place in the language, the syllable structure, rules for primary and secondary stress assignment, general phonological processes that occur in the language, and morphophonemic processes that affect the boundaries of particular morphemes.
HT is in serious danger of extinction because it is being rapidly replaced by Spanish. During the nine months that I spent in Huehuetla, I observed that it was spoken by very few adults under the age of 30 and that almost no children were learning to speak it. If this pattern continues, the language likely will be dead in the next two-to-three generations (Krauss 1992). HT is a polysynthetic, head-marking (Nichols 1986) language with complex verbal morphology. Inflectional affixes include both prefixes and suffixes for which a templatic pattern is difficult to model.
A descriptive grammar of Huehuetla Tepehua by by Susan Smythe Kung.